The International Classification of Childhood Cancer (ICCC) facilitates the effective classification of a heterogeneous group of cancers in the important pediatric population. However, there has been no development of machine learning models for the ICCC classification. We developed deep learning-based information extraction models from cancer pathology reports based on the ICD-O-3 coding standard. In this article, we describe extending the models to perform ICCC classification.
Author(s): Yoon, Hong-Jun, Peluso, Alina, Durbin, Eric B, Wu, Xiao-Cheng, Stroup, Antoinette, Doherty, Jennifer, Schwartz, Stephen, Wiggins, Charles, Coyle, Linda, Penberthy, Lynne
Impact of social determinants of health on improving the LACE index for 30-day unplanned readmission prediction.
Early and accurate prediction of patients at risk of readmission is key to reducing costs and improving outcomes. LACE is a widely used score to predict 30-day readmissions. We examine whether adding social determinants of health (SDOH) to LACE can improve its predictive performance.
Author(s): Belouali, Anas, Bai, Haibin, Raja, Kanimozhi, Liu, Star, Ding, Xiyu, Kharrazi, Hadi
Delirium occurrence is common and preventive strategies are resource intensive. Screening tools can prioritize patients at risk. Using machine learning, we can capture time and treatment effects that pose a challenge to delirium prediction. We aim to develop a delirium prediction model that can be used as a screening tool.
Author(s): Bhattacharyya, Anirban, Sheikhalishahi, Seyedmostafa, Torbic, Heather, Yeung, Wesley, Wang, Tiffany, Birst, Jennifer, Duggal, Abhijit, Celi, Leo Anthony, Osmani, Venet
To summarize applications of natural language processing (NLP) in model informed drug development (MIDD) and identify potential areas of improvement.
Author(s): Bhatnagar, Roopal, Sardar, Sakshi, Beheshti, Maedeh, Podichetty, Jagdeep T
Scanned documents in electronic health records (EHR) have been a challenge for decades, and are expected to stay in the foreseeable future. Current approaches for processing include image preprocessing, optical character recognition (OCR), and natural language processing (NLP). However, there is limited work evaluating the interaction of image preprocessing methods, NLP models, and document layout.
Author(s): Hsu, Enshuo, Malagaris, Ioannis, Kuo, Yong-Fang, Sultana, Rizwana, Roberts, Kirk
Evaluation of a machine learning approach utilizing wearable data for prediction of SARS-CoV-2 infection in healthcare workers.
To determine whether a machine learning model can detect SARS-CoV-2 infection from physiological metrics collected from wearable devices.
Author(s): Hirten, Robert P, Tomalin, Lewis, Danieletto, Matteo, Golden, Eddye, Zweig, Micol, Kaur, Sparshdeep, Helmus, Drew, Biello, Anthony, Pyzik, Renata, Bottinger, Erwin P, Keefer, Laurie, Charney, Dennis, Nadkarni, Girish N, Suarez-Farinas, Mayte, Fayad, Zahi A
This paper provides a description of the MyCap data collection platform, utilization metrics, and vignettes associated with use from diverse research institutions. MyCap is a participant-facing mobile application for survey data collection and the automated administration of active tasks (activities performed by participants using mobile device sensors under semi-controlled conditions). Launched in 2018, MyCap is a no-code solution for research teams conducting longitudinal studies, integrates tightly with REDCap and is [...]
Author(s): Harris, Paul A, Swafford, Jonathan, Serdoz, Emily S, Eidenmuller, Jessica, Delacqua, Giovanni, Jagtap, Vaishali, Taylor, Robert J, Gelbard, Alexander, Cheng, Alex C, Duda, Stephany N
Evaluation of an online text simplification editor using manual and automated metrics for perceived and actual text difficulty.
Simplifying healthcare text to improve understanding is difficult but critical to improve health literacy. Unfortunately, few tools exist that have been shown objectively to improve text and understanding. We developed an online editor that integrates simplification algorithms that suggest concrete simplifications, all of which have been shown individually to affect text difficulty.
Author(s): Leroy, Gondy, Kauchak, David, Haeger, Diane, Spegman, Douglas
Predicting Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) mortality for patients is critical for early-stage care and intervention. Existing studies mainly built models on datasets with limited geographical range or size. In this study, we developed COVID-19 mortality prediction models on worldwide, large-scale "sparse" data and on a "dense" subset of the data.
Author(s): Edelson, Maxim, Kuo, Tsung-Ting