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AMIA was instrumental in the creation of the clinical informatics subspecialty (CIS), supports current and future CIS diplomates, and is actively working to advance the CIS.

In May 2019, AMIA released the results of the first CIS practice analysis which include a data-driven description of CIS practice, published in the Journal of the American Medical Informatics Association (JAMIA).

The CIS practice analysis builds upon AMIA’s previous and ongoing efforts on behalf of the CIS. Specifically, AMIA

  • Developed two foundational documents for the CIS
    • Core content for the subspecialty of clinical informatics (Gardner et al., 2009)
    • Program requirements for fellowship education in the subspecialty of clinical informatics (Safran et al., 2009)
  • Led the successful effort to establish the clinical informatics subspecialty (CIS)
  • Developed the first board review course for CIS candidates
  • Is the premier provider of MOC-II Activities for CIS diplomates
  • Supports multiple CIS communities in the AMIA Connect online community (requires AMIA membership)
    • Clinical Informatics Community of Practice for CI Diplomates (CICOP)
    • Community of Clinical Informatics Program Directors (CCIPD)
    • AMIA Clinical Informatics Fellows (ACIF)
  • Recognizes the professionals accomplishments and contributions of AMIA members who are active applied informatics professionals through FAMIA.



AMIA is the center of action for biomedical and health informatics professionals. In 2005, AMIA concluded that demand was growing among physicians for formal training and certification in clinical informatics. In March 2007, with financial support from the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation, AMIA launched an 18 month process to define the core content of the subspecialty of clinical informatics and the training requirements for proposed clinical informatics fellowships. Upon approval of these documents by the AMIA Board in November 2008, AMIA contacted several medical specialty boards to assess their interest in and willingness to sponsor an application to the American Board of Medical Specialty (ABMS) to create an approved certification process for the clinical informatics subspecialty. In July 2009, the American Board of Preventive Medicine (ABPM) agreed to sponsor the application for a new subspecialty examination, and, in March 2010, ABPM submitted a formal application to ABMS to create the subspecialty certification.  After an extensive review by the ABMS specialty boards and the ABMS Committee on Certification (COCERT), the proposal was approved by the ABMS Board in a vote on September 21, 2011.

Definition of the Clinical Informatics Subspecialty

Physicians who practice clinical informatics (increasingly known as informaticians) collaborate with other health care and information technology professionals to promote patient care that is safe, efficient, effective, timely, patient-centered, and equitable. Clinical informaticians transform health care by analyzing, designing, implementing, and evaluating information and communication systems that enhance individual and population health outcomes, improve patient care, and strengthen the clinician-patient relationship. Clinical informaticians use their knowledge of patient care combined with their understanding of informatics concepts, methods, and tools to:

  • assess information and knowledge needs of health care professionals and patients;
  • characterize, evaluate, and refine clinical processes;
  • develop, implement, and refine clinical decision support systems; and
  • lead or participate in the procurement, customization, development, implementation, management, evaluation, and continuous improvement of clinical information systems such as electronic health records and order-entry systems.

Rationale for the Clinical Informatics Subspecialty

Successful health information system implementation depends in large measure on the knowledge and skills of the individuals who design, integrate, and implement these systems. While clinical informatics is multi-disciplinary in nature, there is a particular need for physicians who understand the care process, informatics concepts, and information technology. Creation of the formal subspecialty will help to standardize key elements of clinical informatics training programs and will likely increase the number of training opportunities. Further, it will provide an immediately recognized credential for organizations seeking to hire clinical informaticians. Finally, this initiative is consistent with the current national emphasis on strengthening the health information technology workforce.


The ABPM, in collaboration with cosponsoring boards that include the American Board of Pathology, has created an examination committee that will develop the test questions for board certification. The ABPM provides formal guidelines to applicants regarding board eligibility, maintenance of certification, and related issues. The ABPM web site features current information on the Board Exam. The clinical informatics subspecialty board exam was administered for the first time in October, 2013.


Defining the Medical Subspecialty of Clinical Informatics. Don E Detmer, John R Lumpkin, Jeffrey J Williamson. JAMIA 2009;16:167-168 doi:10.1197/jamia.M3094

AMIA Board White Paper: Core Content for the Subspecialty of Clinical Informatics. Reed M Gardner, J Marc Overhage, Elaine B Steen, Benson S Munger, John H Holmes, Jeffrey J Williamson, Don E Detmer, for the AMIA Board of Directors. JAMIA 2009;16:153-157 doi:10.1197/jamia.M3045

AMIA Board White Paper: Program Requirements for Fellowship Education in the Subspecialty of Clinical Informatics. Charles Safran, M Michael Shabot, Benson S Munger, John H Holmes, Elaine B Steen, John R Lumpkin, Don E Detmer, for the AMIA Board of Directors. JAMIA 2009;16:158-166 doi:10.1197/jamia.M3046